An Information Technology (IT) risk assessment considers security risks relating to a company or organization's Information Technology structures and assets. While this includes cybersecurity, it also looks at other security risks that could affect a company's IT systems, infrastructure, and programs.

While an IT risk management assessment identifies potential threat actors that could launch a cyber attack against an organization, it also needs to identify threats to the company's physical IT infrastructure. This includes computers and other components that comprise the company's computer network.

Read on to find out what an IT risk assessment is, how it differs from other assessments, and what components should be included.

What Is an IT Risk Assessment?

An Information Technology (IT) risk assessment identifies, analyzes, and evaluates potential risks and vulnerabilities affecting an organization's information system, assets, and data.

An IT risk assessment aims to determine the likelihood and potential impact of specific risks and vulnerabilities to a company's information technology infrastructure, systems, and programs and then develop strategies and controls to mitigate or eliminate those risks. The assessment considers various factors, such as the organization's business objectives, the type of data and systems it uses, and the potential threats and vulnerabilities.

Typically, an IT risk assessment involves several steps, including:

  1. Identifying the assets and data that are critical to the organization's operations and success.
  2. Analyzing the potential threats and vulnerabilities that could compromise those assets and data.
  3. Assessing the likelihood and potential impact of each identified risk.
  4. Develop strategies and controls to mitigate or eliminate the identified risks.
  5. Implementing the recommended controls and strategies.
  6. Monitoring and reviewing the effectiveness of the implemented controls on an ongoing basis.

By conducting an IT risk assessment, an organization can better understand the potential risks to its information systems and data and take proactive steps to mitigate them, thereby reducing the likelihood and impact of a security breach or other adverse event.

How Is This Different from Other Risk Assessments?

A risk assessment evaluates and analyzes risks or potential risks for key stakeholders to make informed decisions based on the risk assessment's findings.

An IT risk assessment differs from other risk assessments, focusing specifically on the risks associated with information technology (IT) systems and infrastructure. While other risk assessments may evaluate risks associated with physical assets, financial transactions, or personnel, an IT risk assessment solely focuses on identifying, assessing, and mitigating risks related to the use of technology and information systems. The aim is to avoid any information technology security incidents (including cyber attacks) as much as possible.

Here are some key differences between an IT risk assessment and other types of risk assessments:


IT risk assessments focus exclusively on the risks associated with technology and information systems. In contrast, other risk assessments may cover a broader range of risks, such as operational, financial, or legal risks.


IT risk assessments require specialized knowledge and expertise in information technology, including familiarity with IT infrastructure, security measures, and best practices. Other risk assessments may require different areas of expertise depending on the specific risks being evaluated.


The methodologies used in performing the assessment may differ from those used in other risk assessments due to the unique nature of IT risks. In many cases, a qualitative risk assessment will be required. For example, an IT risk assessment process may involve the following:

  • Vulnerability scanning or vulnerability assessment.
  • Penetration testing.
  • Other technical assessments in addition to more traditional risk assessment methods.

Find out more on how to conduct the assessment.

Regulatory requirements

Depending on the industry and jurisdiction, specific regulations and guidelines may require organizations to perform IT risk assessments regularly. However, other types of risk assessments may not be subject to the same regulatory requirements.

Overall, while there may be some overlap in the types of risks evaluated in different types of risk assessments, an IT risk assessment is distinct in its focus on technology and information systems, as well as its specialized expertise and methodologies.

What Exactly Does an IT Risk Assessment Look For?

An IT risk assessment is a process that aims to identify, analyze, and evaluate potential risks and vulnerabilities in an organization's IT systems, infrastructure, and operations. The assessment looks for a wide range of potential risks that can affect an organization's confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and systems.

What Are the Components Of An IT Risk Assessment?

An IT risk assessment typically consists of the following components:

Scope and context

Define the scope and context of the assessment, including the systems, assets, and processes that will be assessed.

Asset identification

Identify the assets that need to be protected, such as hardware, software, data, and networks.

Threat identification

Identify the potential threats that could harm the assets, such as cyberattacks, natural disasters, or human error.

Vulnerability assessment

Assess the vulnerabilities or weaknesses of the assets, such as outdated software or weak passwords.

Likelihood assessment

Evaluate the likelihood of each threat occurring and the potential impact on the assets.

Risk analysis

Analyze the risks associated with each threat, vulnerability, and asset combination. This will allow key stakeholders to make informed decisions for risk mitigation.

Risk management

Develop a risk management plan that includes strategies to reduce or mitigate risks, such as implementing security controls, training employees, or creating backups.

Monitoring and review

Continual security monitoring and reviewing the effectiveness of the risk management plan is required. Adjustments should be made as needed.

What Should Be Included in An IT Risk Framework?

An IT risk framework is a structured approach to identifying, assessing, and managing risks related to information technology. The framework should be tailored to the specific needs of an organization, but in general, it should include the following components:

Risk identification

This involves identifying the types of risks that an organization's IT systems and infrastructure are exposed to. This can include cybersecurity threats, natural disasters, system failures, data breaches, and other potential risks.

Risk assessment

Once the risks have been identified, conduct a cybersecurity risk assessment to regard their likelihood and potential impact on the organization. This will help prioritize which cyber threats should be addressed first.

Risk mitigation

After the risks have been assessed, appropriate measures should be taken to mitigate or reduce the risk. This risk treatment should include implementing security controls, redundancy and backup measures, disaster recovery plans, and other measures to minimize the impact of a potential risk.

Risk monitoring and reporting

The IT risk framework should include a process for ongoing monitoring and reporting of any cyber risk. This will help ensure that risks are identified and addressed promptly and that the organization's risk management strategy is effective.


The IT risk framework should also ensure that the organization complies with relevant laws, regulations, and industry standards related to IT risk management.

Governance and accountability

Finally, the IT risk framework should include clear lines of governance and accountability, including roles and responsibilities for IT risk management and a process for regular review and updates to the framework.

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